Three Distinct Marks of False Teachers – Exegesis of Jude 1:8

In my last blog post we studied Jude 1:7 which revealed the commonality between apostates and the people of Sodom. I wanted to give one more bit of information regarding Sodom before we pick up in verse 8.  John MacArthur points out that Shem (Noah’s son) was still alive during the judgment of Sodom (See Genesis 11:10 for the lineage). He lived 502 years after the Flood, while Sodom was destroyed about 450 years after the Flood. Noah died about 100 years before Sodom’s judgment. Dr. MacArthur’s point is that the people of Sodom would have known about the flood judgment and God’s call to righteousness through the survivors like Shem or Noah, yet they rejected it too. In fact, Abram (Abraham) came from the line of Shem who was his great, great, great, great, great, great, grandfather. So, Shem was still alive when the pre-incarnate Christ came to visit Abraham and told him that He was going to destroy Sodom. Lot came from the line of Shem as well and was Abram’s nephew. As you know, Lot lived in Sodom and knew about the Flood and God’s call to righteousness. How do I know this? God called Lot righteous, which means that he was obviously taught by his parents and family about the coming Messiah and he believed. In Genesis 19:9 we even see that the people of Sodom are enraged at Lot because he indeed was judging Sodomites for their immoral ways. In fact, in Genesis 19:9 the Sodomites exclaimed, “he (Lot) is acting like a judge.” You can render the Hebrew as “He is ever acting like a judge.” The implication is that this is not the first time that Lot has reproved the people in Sodom. 2 Peter 2:8 says, “for by what he saw and heard that righteous man while living among them, felt his righteous soul tormented day after day by their lawless deeds”. The Greek word for torment means “to torture”. If Lot was tortured by their sin, and was indeed being polluted by merely dwelling in this city, why did he stay? A man who is righteous cannot be around evil and be free from torment. I believe that Lot wanted the people of Sodom to repent because he knew that God would not tolerate this wickedness forever. He wanted to continue to live there when he should have fled so that his character and the character of his family would not be tainted by the sin of the people of Sodom. You see, Sodom wasn’t going to change, but righteous people who surround themselves with depraved people will. Sodom and Gomorrah were without excuse when the Lord burned them to the ground. They had been warned of their wicked ways by Lot, yet they rejected his reproof. When apostates reach the lows of Sodom and Gomorrah it means that their depravity is complete. God has turned them over to their sin and only final judgment awaits them. There is no turning to righteousness for the apostates when they descend to this point. They defile everything they touch, including believers. Have nothing to do with them lest you give credence to their evil deeds (2  John 1:10-11).

“Yet in the same way these men, also by dreaming, defile the flesh, and reject authority, and revile angelic majesties.”

When Jude says, “Yet in the same way”, he is continuing his point from verses 5-7 in verse 8. In the same way that the apostate Israelites revolted and wanted to go back to Egypt, the apostate demons wanted to have relations with women, and the apostate Sodomites went after strange flesh, so too do they defile the flesh by their dreams. “Dreams” is ἐνυπνιάζομαι (enupniazomai) and derives from “enhupnos”. En denotes a place or a state of being. It means “in” or “with” and hupnos means, “sleep”. It is where we get our English word “hypnotize” or “hypnosis”. Properly, it means “in a dream state/in a dream while asleep”. I believe that Jude is using this word figuratively which would denote that apostates are “in a constant state of day dreaming.” For those of you familiar with day dreaming it is nothing but pure fantasy. Most of our day dreams include defeating a rival whom we despise, or glorifying ourselves. We picture ourselves with great wealth and success as well as popularity. We picture ourselves in mansions or in tropical paradises, or even about finding a spouse in which we picture different people who would fulfill this desire. It is an exaltation of self in our minds. When day dreams really get dark is when they descend into sexual fantasies, or anger fantasies. Ecclesiastes 5:7 says, “For in many dreams and in many words there is emptiness. Rather, fear God.” J. Stafford Wright interprets this passage as “In the multitude of dreams are also vanities, and (in) many words (as well).” If we are exalting ourselves we cannot be Christ focused. These apostates are not Christ focused. They daydream about their greatness. They dream about having great wealth, power, and notoriety. They want to be on talk shows, write books, speak at big events, rub elbows with stars and leaders. They day dream almost perpetually, so much so that they are not in touch with reality. Their mind also descends into the perverse as they picture themselves in sexually immoral situations, seeking strange flesh (sexual immorality that encompasses more than just homosexuality, but also heterosexual immorality). Like the inhabitants of Sodom, few apostates have moral restraint, so they live sexually immoral lifestyles. They do a good job of hiding their sin, but as Numbers 32:23b says, “Be sure your sin will find you out”, whether it be in this life or the next.

“Reject authority” is ἀθετέω κυριότης. “A” is alpha, which is a negative, and “theteo” derives from “thithemi” which means “to put/place”. It denotes “setting” something in place (i.e. like a standard or law). “Kuriotis” means “dominion” and derives from “kurios” meaning “lord”. God set boundaries between angels and humans, one being no sexual intercourse with humans which some demons violated and were subsequently punished by being thrown into the abyss. Likewise, these apostates violate God’s authority. They reject the bible, thereby teaching blasphemous heresies. That is why Sola Scriptura (Scripture Alone) is essential, because if scripture no longer has authority over the believer, false teachers will come into the church and teach heresy without being challenged. This is why Jen Hatmaker will affirm homosexuality, and say that sitting outside on her deck overlooking the water is just as much “church” as going into a building. Romans 1:26-31 condemns homosexuality, and Hebrews 10:25 encourages the believer to not forsake the assembling of the saints. Not to mention that she teaches from the pulpit at her husband’s church violating 1 Timothy 2:12-14 where God set a boundary in that women cannot be elders/leaders or teachers of men in the confines of the church. Apostates reject scripture as the authority. Not long ago there was a woman who read my 2 blog posts on the New Apostolic Reformation and its heresies.  She had recently escaped this cult. She agreed with everything except two points: She didn’t agree with cessationism or that it was a sin for Bethel to have female pastors. As I challenged her with scripture she rejected 1 Timothy 2:12-14 and Titus 1:6. She refused to submit to what God said. What she didn’t understand was that the reason she was part of the New Apostolic Reformation was because she didn’t hold to God’s word as the standard. She rejected Sola Scriptura. If you believe that women should violate God’s ordinance for church leadership and teaching, then you will fall away from God’s standard and open yourself up for even more darker deceptions like this woman. These apostates reject God’s authority. I pray that we will examine our lives and that if any belief we have does not line up with God’s word that we will forsake it.

“Revile angelic majesties” is βλασφημέω δόξα (blasphemeo doxa). Blasphemeo is where we get our English word “blasphemy”. It is abusive, railing, slanderous speech. It is evil speaking. This word is used in regards to Satan as the father of lies, not to mention that it is used in Ephesians 4:31 showing slander as a symptom of the anger sins. Doxa in the Greek means, “praise” or “glory” It is where we get our English word doxology. Doxa derives from “dokeo” which if you read my blog on Jude 1:4 would remember that Docetism comes from this word. It means “to appear” or “to seem”. It is meant to denote something that is subjective or opinion. It means it is hard to discern exactly what something is. Docetics believed Christ was a “dokesis”, meaning, “an apparition.” They believed that the crucifixion was an illusion because Jesus could not be flesh. They believed all flesh was evil, thus Jesus could only be spirit. It “appeared” that Jesus was crucified, but they “supposed” it was a ghost or apparition on the cross. Keep in mind that Docetism arose 40 years after the crucifixion meaning that Docetics didn’t see the crucifixion, but supposed that Christ was an apparition. We know that Christ was no apparition, but we believers were not there to witness it either. We believe these things by faith through God’s word. It is hard to truly make out an apparition because it is “like” an image of a person, but is not truly that person, which is why the word denotes subjectivity. The best example I can give is in regards to Kim Walker Smith of Jesus Culture and her encounters with Jesus and God the Father at Bethel Church. They appeared to her as Jesus Christ or God the Father, but they were apparitions. These demons presented themselves as Jesus and God the Father, but they were counterfeits. They took on an image so that it “appeared” to Kim Walker Smith that she was talking to two members of the Trinity. With this said, it would make sense that Jude is talking about indescribable things in the spiritual realm. Majesties can literally be translated as “glories” here. The other reason why I believe it is translating as “angelic majesties” has everything to do with the immediate verse that follows (V9), “But Michael the archangel, when he disputed with the devil and argued about the body of Moses did not pronounce against him a railing judgment, but said, the Lord rebuke you!”  Jude follows up his accusation with an example using Michael the archangel and Satan. Verse 9 illustrates “reviling angelic majesties”. Apostates, like Satan, will revile what they do not understand. We don’t know what happened to Moses body, but like Satan, false teachers will revile these things that they know nothing about. Joyce Meyer said Jesus descended into Hell and was tormented in our place for our sins. When He did this He ceased being the Son of God. This would be an example of the reviling of God’s majesties/glories. We don’t know much about what happened to Jesus between His burial and resurrection. False teachers/apostates revile what they do not understand, and that is blasphemy against God.

I am going to stop here this week and pick up with Jude 1:9 next week.

Soli Deo Gloria!


Author: thomascoutouzis

I was born in the United States as a second generation Greek. My family comes from the Island of Kalymnos which is the island next to Patmos (Where the apostle John wrote Revelation). My wife Kathy is of Korean descent and we have two wonderful children, Chloe and Micah. We live in a small town outside of Raleigh, North Carolina called Fuquay Varina. The Lord redeemed me as a young boy as my mother (who was a believer) shared the Gospel with me. If I had to categorize my denomination I would most likely fall into the Reformed Baptist realm with some differences over non-essential doctrine. I am an expositional bible teacher who attends Fellowship Baptist Church in Willow Springs, NC. For the last few years I have been taking God's word and teaching it on outlets like Twitter and Wordpress. I am also a fan of both J.R.R. Tolkien and C.S. Lewis' fantasy novels. As such I am writing a fantasy series full of adventure, while weaving deep theological truth into the story and characters. My first book, "Athanasia: The Great Insurrection" is available in both ebook and paperback currently. I am hoping to release the second book in the series, "Athanasia: The Unknown Lands" around September of 2018.

2 thoughts on “Three Distinct Marks of False Teachers – Exegesis of Jude 1:8”

  1. Reblogged this on lindaBornAgain….glorifying Him until I see Him face to face and commented:
    i’ve been providentialy kept from these blessed teachings by brother Thomas for some time, i apologize to him, and those of you who follow……but here, now, is a wonderful one, and made even more special by the times in which we live, they give us understanding. Blessings in Christ.


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